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IBAs – Important Bird Areas
Important Bird Areas(IBAs) are sites where particularly rare birds can be found or regions densely populated by birds. They are key areas for bird conservation.
Most importantly, IBAs are sites of the occurrence of:
- · rare species vulnerable to extinction,
- · restricted-range species, or
- · large numbers of migratory or residentbird species.
IBAs are chosen using stringent, scientific criteria laid down by BirdLife International.
There are currently more than 10,000 IBAs worldwide in almost 200 countries, constituting a network of bird protection areas allowing effective conservation of birds and other biodiversity.
In the European Union, IBAs are priority areas as regards selection of special bird protection sites of the Natura 2000 network.
In Poland, the IBA programme is coordinated by the Polish Society for the Protection of Birds, BirdLife Partner in Poland. So far, 174 IBAs have been chosen in Poland, including 170 terrestrial and 4 marine regions. Terrestrial conservation sites cover more than 46,000 sq km, i.e. 15 per cent of the country’s total land area. The majority of IBAs (141) have been recognized as special bird protection sites in the Natura 2000 network, and the remaining ones should be included in the network in the future.
For more information on the IBA project, criteria for selecting IBAs and Natura 2000 sites visit www.ostojeptakow.pl
The project has received financial support from the EEA Grants and Norway Grants donated by Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway as well as from the Polish State Budget through the NGO Fund.